A muscle can contract abruptly and involuntarily. It differs from the cramp in that the contraction is prolonged while the cramp is of short duration. This spasm should be monitored when it occurs too often. Suffering from this type of spasm, singer Celine Dion had to cancel her 2022 tour.
[Updated September 16, 2022 at 9:34 a.m.] Muscle spasm is different from cramp car the contraction lasts. Eye, mouth, jaw, cheeks ... It can affect various areas of the face and sometimes the abdominal region. The singer Celine Dion confirmed to suffer from muscle spasms in April 2022 forcing him to postpone his tour: 'I still feel a little better... but I still have muscle spasms . I have to be in good shape, in good health so that I can give 100% of myself on stage.' she then explained in a post Instagram . What are the causes of these spasms? What treatments possible? Answers with Dr. Christophe Delong, sports physician.
A spasm is a involuntary contraction of muscle fibers . It differs from cramp in that the contraction is prolonged while the cramp is short-lived. It can affect a group of muscles, a single muscle or an isolated part of a muscle. This term generally refers to striated muscles, voluntary (those attached to arm or leg type bones), and is then synonymous with cramps you have convulsions ' But it can also be used for the heart muscles, we will then speak of coronary spasm , or for smooth muscles, with involuntary control, such as digestive muscles, ducts of glands such as salivary, lacrimal, gallbladder, etc. “, specifies Dr. Christophe Delong, sports doctor.
The main symptom is pain that the spasm causes as well as the visible involuntary contraction of the muscle.
There are different types of spasms:
'But the spasm can also affect areas such as the eyelid, forearm, pectorals, calves or even the arch of the foot “, says Dr. Delong.
They are many and varied:
If the muscle spasms are frequent or interfere with your daily life , make an appointment with your doctor. ' If necessary, he will refer you to a physical medicine and rehabilitation doctor or a neurologist “, says Dr. Delong.
Diagnosis is facilitated because the symptoms are suggestive. During the' clinical exam , the doctor will find a muscle hard, contracted and often still painful. This will also be amplified when the doctor seeks to stretch the muscle concerned. Most of the time, additional examinations are not necessary. But if the spasms concern the abdominal area or if they are particularly intense, he may prescribe ultrasound or IRM . ' An electromyogram may also be recommended in the event of a problem with the neurological control of the muscle and a muscle lesion detected on ultrasound or MRI “, adds our expert.
'It's mainly about muscle relaxants muscle like: Miorel thiocolchicoside or Lumirelax. Of the botulinum toxin injections may also be recommended to prevent muscle contraction' , says Dr. Delong.
Thanks to Dr Christophe Delong, sports doctor.Source journaldesfemmes.fr