Every year, November 20 marks International Children's Day and the anniversary of the adoption of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). What's in this convention, the most ratified text in the world?
November 20, 2022, the International Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) will celebrate its 33rd birthday during the International Children's Day . This year, the French government is notably committed to a national child protection strategy , as shown by the adoption of the law of 7 February 2022 on the subject. Lately, a delegation for children's rights has been created in the National Assembly, a great first. Other means have also been put into supporting early childhood, with the projects launched on the policy of the first 1000 days, and in the education to combat violence against children, whether verbal, physiological, physical or sexual, but also to protect the youngest from screens in the digital space as we know it today.
To protect children, who are more vulnerable than adults, a International Convention on the Rights of the Child has been created in 1989. This fundamental treaty was adopted unanimously by the UN to recognize minor children as beings in their own right, bearers of social, economic, cultural, civil and political rights. These fundamental, mandatory and non-negotiable rights are thus registered in the International Convention on the Rights of the Child. In total, in the world, 196 States ( except the United States ) are committed to defending and guaranteeing the rights of all children, without distinction, and to answer for these commitments before the United Nations. Namely that France was the second European country to have signed the convention, on August 7, 1990, just after Sweden. With this text, it is therefore the most widely ratified human rights treaty in history , precise l'Unicef . Concretely, this convention has 54 articles that determine what children are entitled to, to protect them from the world around them.
The International Convention on the Rights of the Child sets out through its 54 articles the fundamental rights of children. Thus, each child has:
Four fundamental principles are highlighted in these rights: non-discrimination, the best interests of the child, the right to live, survive and develop, and respect for the views of the child. Three optional protocols have also been added to the original text: the first two aim to protect children from recruitment in armed conflict , but also against the sale of children (for purposes of forced labor, illegal adoption, organ donation, etc.), against prostitution as well as pornography featuring children. The third defines the international procedure which allows any child to file a complaint for violation of their rights, directly with the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child, when all remedies have been exhausted at national level, specifies UNICEF. .
If the living conditions of children have evolved in recent years, many children's rights are still struggling to be respected in the world today. The international solidarity association Vision du Monde observes each year that 'millions of children are still on the sidelines and are victims of violence '. Among the important figures to remember that bear witness to these harsh realities:
In 2019, for the 30th anniversary of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child, a national consultation of the Defender of Rights titled ' I have rights, hear me' was conducted with children aged 4 to 18 years. In partnership with nearly 50 associations and structures that fight for the respect of children's rights in France, it has enabled 2,200 children and adolescents to make their voices heard to make things happen. The younger ones shared 276 propositions for the coming years. Here are some of the children's proposals as well as their testimonies:
In 2021, the second edition of the consultation was dedicated to child and adolescent mental health.Source journaldesfemmes.fr