Change of surname: how to do it?

Since July 1, it is possible to change your surname by simply declaring it to the Civil Registry. Any adult person can then bear the first name of their mother or father, or both.

  Change of surname: how to do it?

Change of surname: the simplified procedure

Since this Friday, July 1, 2022, there is now a lot easier to change last name ! Indeed, it suffices to make a simple declaration to the Civil Registry. Are concerned: people who wish to bear the surnames of both parents, or on the contrary who only want that of the father or the mother. It is also possible to 'reverse the order of surnames if both names were already used at birth. If the procedure had initially been rejected, it is now acquired, and the service public details the formalities: ' from July 1, 2022, any adult will be able to change their surname simply, by taking, by substitution, the name of the parent who was not transmitted to him at birth and by declaring his choice by form to the town hall of his domicile or place of birth. Before registering this change, the civil status will give the applicant one month of delay, who will have to present himself again to the town hall to confirm this decision, possible only once in his life.

Change of surname: how does it work?

From now on, the child will be able to wear ' as usual, the name of the mother, either by bearing only her name, or the name of the mother will be added to that of the father, or the order of the surnames will be modified “, had explained the Keeper of the Seals to the Elle magazine . Children over the age of 13 will be able to give their consent, and both parents must validate the child's surname . However, ' in the absence of this agreement, there will be recourse to the judge ' he had specified. The procedure does not require any justification is not possible only once in his life. When parents decide to change their name 'The change of name of an adult will automatically extend to his children under the age of 13. Beyond that, their consent will also be required' can we read on the site of the public service.

Change of surname: what does this law change?

This law is a small revolution, especially for single and divorced mothers raising their children alone, without the latter having the same name as them. When their child bears the father's name, they 'must justify (their) maternity and show (their) family booklet' at each administrative step, said the Minister of Justice Éric Dupond-Moretti on December 19, 2021 when he defended this proposal, calling the action 'humiliating'.

Having also taken the example children who wish to no longer bear the surname of an abusive or absent parent, it will then no longer be necessary, in such a situation, to go before an administrative tribunal. A simple Cerfa declaration to the civil status of the town hall will suffice. 'Wearing a name you don't like, the name of your executioner, going through very long name change tests, with refusals, is no longer acceptable' had reacted on social networks Marine Gatineau-Dupré, founder of the collective Porte mon nom.

On February 24, 2022, the senators had first rejected this bill defended by the deputy (La République en Marche) of Hérault, Patrick Vignal, with the objective of facilitate civil status change procedures . The day before, the Senate law commission had decided to table a motion which led to the rejection of the text. In question, the refusal of the National Assembly to amend it, taking into account the remarks of the senators: the latter considered that the interests of children had not been sufficiently taken into account in this bill and that it could cause a backlog of administrative services. Again submitted to the deputies as part of a final reading in the National Assembly, the bill was finally adopted, and therefore comes into force from July 1.

Source: Public service, Law of March 2, 2022 relating to the choice of the name resulting from filiationSource